6 Popular Orthodontic Procedures


 

Orthodontics, a field of dentistry, corrects malocclusions, straightens teeth, and improves the overall aesthetics of the smile. With the advancement of technology and the advent of new treatment methods, orthodontic procedures are becoming increasingly popular among people of all ages. In this article, we will look at the six most popular and modern orthodontic procedures that help improve the health and appearance of teeth.

1. Braces

Metal braces

Metal braces are the most traditional and common form of orthodontic treatment. They consist of metal clasps attached to each tooth and a metal archwire connecting the clasps. The archwire exerts pressure on the teeth, causing them to move into the desired position.

Advantages:

  • High efficiency in correcting complex cases

  • Affordable cost compared to other types of braces

Disadvantages:

  • Aesthetic aspect: metal braces are noticeable

  • Possibility of irritation of the oral mucosa

Ceramic braces

Ceramic braces work on the same principle as metal brackets, but their clasps are made of a transparent or tooth-colored material, which makes them less noticeable.

Advantages:

  • It is less noticeable compared to metal braces

  • Effective in correcting a wide range of orthodontic problems

Disadvantages:

  • They are more fragile and can break.

  • The cost is higher than metal braces

Lingual braces

Lingual braces are installed on the inside of the teeth, making them completely invisible when smiling and speaking.

Advantages:

  • Invisible to others

  • Effective in treating complex orthodontic problems

Disadvantages:

  • Difficult to install and set up

  • It can cause discomfort and tongue irritation

2. Aligners

Aligners are a set of clear trays that are placed over the teeth and gradually move them into the desired position. The best-known brand of aligners is Invisalign. If you search "Invisalign near me," be sure to choose an experienced and qualified specialist.

Advantages:

  • Almost invisible on the teeth

  • Easily removed for eating and brushing teeth

  • Comfortable to wear and does not irritate the oral mucosa

Disadvantages:

  • Require patient discipline: mouthguards must be worn at least 22 hours a day

  • Not suitable for all cases of orthodontic problems

  • Higher cost compared to traditional braces

3. Retainers

After completing treatment with braces or aligners, patients often require retainers to maintain results and prevent teeth from shifting backward. There are several types of retainers:

Removable retainers.

Removable retainers, such as Hawley retainers and clear retainers, can be easily removed for cleaning and during meals.

Advantages:

  • Easy to clean

  • It can be adapted for minor adjustments after the primary treatment

Disadvantages:

  • Possibility of loss or damage

  • Requires patient discipline

Fixed retainers

Fixed retainers attach to the back of the teeth and remain in place permanently.

Advantages:

  • Constant support without having to put it on and take it off

  • Effective in maintaining treatment results

Disadvantages:

  • Difficulty brushing teeth

  • Possibility of breakage or detachment

4. Orthodontic appliances for jaw expansion

Palate expanders are used to widen the upper jaw and create additional space for the teeth. They are especially effective in childhood when the jaw is still growing.

Advantages:

  • Effective in correcting the narrowed upper jaw.

  • Improves overall occlusion and tooth position.

Disadvantages:

  • It may cause discomfort in the first few days of use.

  • Requires periodic visits to the orthodontist for activation.

5. Surgical treatment

In some cases, orthodontic treatment is not sufficient, and surgery is required. This may be necessary in cases of severe skeletal abnormalities when it is necessary to change the shape or position of the jaws.

Advantages:

  • Solving severe orthodontic problems that cannot be corrected with braces or aligners alone

  • Improving the functionality and aesthetics of the face

Disadvantages:

  • High cost and invasiveness of the procedure

  • Long recovery period

6. Use of temporary anchors

Temporary anchors, also known as mini-screws or mini-implants, are used to create additional anchor points in the mouth. The temporary anchorage device itself is typically made of titanium, a material that’s both durable and biocompatible. They allow you to move teeth more precisely and speed up the treatment process.

Advantages:

  • Improve treatment accuracy and efficiency

  • Reduce the time spent wearing brackets or aligners

Disadvantages:

  • The need for surgical placement

  • Possible complications such as infection or implant failure

The bottom line

Modern orthodontic treatments offer a wide variety of treatment options that can meet the needs of different patients. From traditional metal braces to innovative aligners, each method has its advantages and disadvantages, and the choice depends on the patient's specific needs and preferences. It is essential to consult with a qualified orthodontist to find the best treatment plan to ensure not only a beautiful smile but also oral health for years to come.

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